- Jul 4, 2020
- GigaByte Z490 Gaming X
- i7 10700
- Sapphire RX580
The Gigabyte Z490 Gaming X can easily be hackintoshed using OpenCore (v0.6.x). This was a very simple build, minimal in hardware and easy to set up. As I am on a LAN line, I do not use (nor will I cover) Wifi and Bluetooth neither come with the motherboard but you can easily purchase an add-on card solution if needed.
Gigabyte Z490 Gaming X (ATX)
Intel i7 10700
16GB G.Skill Ripjaws V DDR4-3600 PC4-28800 CL16
Samsung EVO+ 500GB NVMe
Corsair TX650W PSU (I am re-using this PSU from a previous build)
NZXT H510 Case
Sleep / Wake
iGPU (I have not tried to make this work)
What you will need:
UPDATED:(Sep 15, 2020) The attached EFI zip files have been updated to OpenCore v0.6.1
if you want to do your own USB Mapping:
- At least an 8GB Thumb Drive
- A copy of Mac OS X Catalina
- EFI folder – Use my attached EFI or create your own using the Dortania's OpenCore Install Guide -https://dortania.github.io/OpenCore-Install-Guide/
- A utility app to mount disk partitions. There are command line and other apps out there but for simplicity, I used Clover Configurator. Will also need this to generate MLB, SystemSerialNumber and SystemUUID to fix iServices. - https://mackie100projects.altervista.org/download-clover-configurator/
- Hackintool - https://github.com/headkaze/Hackintool/releases
- USBInjectAll.kext - https://github.com/Sniki/OS-X-USB-Inject-All/releases
Create the Installer:
My Gigabyte Z490 Gaming X EFI was made from scratch using the sample config and Dortania's OpenCore Install Guide. I do recommend going through the guide and creating your own. It is very well documented and you will gain the knowledge. However, if you just want to get going, I have attached my files below. Note that my EFI includes port mapping and that I have taken out my serial numbers as you will want to generate your own (both subjects covered later in this post).
- Get a copy of Mac OS X - I am using Catalina 10.15.5 - Make sure it is in your applications folder.
- Make a bootable Thumb drive - I used an 8GB Kingston traveler.
- Use DiskUtility to format the thumb drive to GUID partition.
- Run the following Apple command in the terminal app to create the install media (replace MyVolume with your thumb drive name).
sudo /Applications/Install\ macOS\ Catalina.app/Contents/Resources/createinstallmedia --volume /Volumes/MyVolume
- After that is done, will need to mount the EFI partition of the installer thumb drive. Use Clover Configurator to mount the partition.
- Now copy the EFI folder that you downloaded to the thumb drives EFI partition.
NOTE: (I recommend to change this beforehand) I had one issue you may or may not encounter. If you get an error within the installation process saying "this installation is damaged", delete Installinfo.plist from the installer disk:
BIOS Settings (bios version is F2 as of this writing):
- Open the "Install macOS Catalina" Disk (thumb drive)
- Right Click on the package "Install macOS Catalina"
- Click on "Package Contents"
- Go to Contents > SharedSupport
- Delete Installlnfo.plist
For the Gigabyte motherboards, on boot screen press the DELETE key to enter the bios. You can toggle simple and advanced by pressing the F2 key. We need advanced.
Go to Save & Exit and select Load Optimized Defaults
Go to Favorites:
Got to Settings - IO Ports:
- Set Extreme Memory Profile (X.M.P) - Profile 1
- CSM Support - Disabled
- VT-d - Disabled
Go to Settings - IO Ports - USB Config:
- Initial Display Output - PCIe 1 (I am using a graphics card/not iGPU)
- Initial Graphics - Enabled (not Auto)
- Above 4G Decoding - Enabled
Go to Boot - Windows 10 Features - Other OS (I am not running Windows. However, I believe you can also set this to Windows and it will still work)
- XHCI Hand-Off - Enabled
Go to Boot - CSM Support - Disabled
Save & Exit
Installing Mac OS X Catalina:
You should now be able to boot from the installer thumb drive (press F12 for boot menu). Install Mac OS X Catalina (you will need to format your internal HD... I used APFS/GUID on my internal NVMe). There will be restarts during the installation process, make sure it restarts from the thumb drive except on the final restart which should be your internal HD.
When you boot Mac OS X, you will get the usual black screen with the Apple logo and loading bar... then you may get a black screen no logo (don't panic) give it a moment and you will see the logo again or just get right into the desktop. This is normal.
At this point you may need to set one thing to get audio. Go system preferences > Sound and set output to internal speakers which would be the GREEN output from the rear IO.
Go to System Preferences and set the Startup Disk to your internal HD. This will also set the default selection in the list when OpenCore boots.
We need the EFI folder on the internal HD to boot from it... Mount your internal HD EFI partition (use Clover Configurator to mount the partitions) and then mount your installer thumb drive EFI partition. Copy the EFI folder from the thumb drive EFI partition to the internal hard drive EFI partition. Restart and it should boot from the internal HD.
Get iServices working:
You will need to generate your own serials for MLB, SystemSerialNumber and SystemUUID. You can generate them with Clover Configurator and then copy/paste them into the config.plist under PlatformInfo (see images below).
- Mount your HD's EFI partition to access and edit your config file (EFI/OC/config.plist).
- In Clover Configurator under SMBIOS click the little fly out button/list on the middle right side (see image below), choose iMac19,1. Then click the Generate New button.
When you generate your SN, you should check it first to make sure it is not in use. Go to:
Input your SN and if you get "We’re sorry, but this serial number isn’t valid. Please check your information and try again." then that means you can use it.
USB Port Mapping:
The Gigabyte Z490 Gaming X has the following:
On the Motherboard: One 3.1 Gen Type A header and One 2.0/1.1 header
On the back panel (IO): Two USB 2.0 and Six USB 3.2 ports
The port limitation in Mac OS X is 15. USB 2.0 ports count as 1 and USB 3.x count as 2 each. I used Hackintool to identify and create my USBPorts.kext
In the images below all the ports are tagged appropriately but depending on your needs you may have to change which ports you disable. I chose to disable the two top USB 2.0 ports on the back IO. I plan on installing an NZXT Kraken cooler in the future and will need the internal USB 2.0 header on the motherboard for that. And since my build is in a NZXT H510 case, I will need the motherboard's 3.1 header for the front panel USB 3.1 port. Note there is no USB Type C header on this motherboard, so for the H510 case, I had to just leave that unplugged and tucked away. I don't have type C devices but if you do there are variations of this motherboard that have it (as well as some other solutions like PCIe cards and header converters).
If you want to map your own ports, Hackintool is the easiest way to do so. Place USBInjectAll.kext in your EFI Kext folder (remove my USBPorts.kext) and update the config file under “Kernel” accordingly.
Restart your computer and then run Hackintool. Now check the images shown above for port id's and individually delete the ports you will not use under USB in the Hackintool list (see image below). Remember 15 is the limit! when you have 15 showing in Hackintool list, click the export icon at the bottom and some files will be saved to the destination you choose (desktop). You will only need the kext file. Install the kext file into your EFI>Kext Folder and remove USBInjectAll.kext, update your config file to reflect the change… restart your computer.
I am coming off a 14-year-old Hackintosh that has served me well (I was capped out at El Capitan). I have been running this new build for over a month now. At first, I used some EFI's from other people’s builds that I found online and all ran well but I can tell you after taking the time and building my own EFI from scratch using the OpenCore guide, this build boots noticeably faster and runs great! The Intel 10th gen stock cooler is OK for now and system is very quiet. The Sapphire RX580 is also great, it's fans hardly ever come on. They do run at start up. I have read that most modern GPU’s will control the fans as needed, but I wanted to see for myself and so I ran a little program called GPUTest to push it and the fans did work perfectly under load (also very quiet).
I am very happy with this build as it meets my needs... graphic design, illustration, digital painting, a little website building and lately a lot of writing. My budget was $1,000USD but I came in at $780USD. I plan on adding another NVMe drive, a new keyboard (waiting for Black Friday deal) and possibly upgrade my monitor to a 32".
I am a complete novice on testing but here are some initial results.
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